This is because they are traditional, and therefore contain in themselves the authority of the ancestral ghosts. We noted earlier that in Eskimo culture, there is no prohibition against Rachels cultural relativism thesis, whereas there is a very strong prohibition in our own culture.
In some societies, people believe one thing; in other societies, people believe differently. Suppose people were free to kill other people at will, and no one thought there was anything wrong with it. To many people, it is persuasive.
And when we do hear of such things, we tend immediately to categorize those other peoples as "backward" or "primitive. So, for example, the relativist may point out that one culture believes that cannibalism is right, while another believes that it is wrong, and from this argue that cannibalism is neither right nor wrong, but merely a matter of opinion But if that is the case, then cultural relativism cannot be true.
This is a standard that might reasonably be used in thinking about any social practice whatever: Within the constraints imposed by Cultural Relativism, there is one way this might be done. It is possible that the two cultures are closer than they appear, and that both accept something closer to P3 than the other alternatives.
Rather than stopping here, however, he goes on to posit what he thinks is the culturally neutral standard we can appeal to when judging between cultures: And in fact, we do find these rules in force in all viable cultures. Your answer to this question, which can be stated in one sentence, is the conclusion to your argument.
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If the tolerance requirement is supposed to be an objective moral truth, then it is incompatible with cultural relativism, for cultural relativism tells us that there are no objective moral truths.
This is a challenge: We may call this the Cultural Differences Argument. Human infants are helpless and cannot survive if they are not given extensive care for a period of years.
Therefore, if a group did not care for its young, the young would not survive, and the older members of the group would not be replaced. Dean koontz research paper tartanilla poem analysis essays martin luther king jr day essay routh hurwitz kriterium beispiel essay essays on leadership in the iliad yale psychology research papers.
If you were a Greek, one answer would seem obviously correct; but if you were a Callatian, the opposite would seem equally certain.
Other matters, such as the religions and factual beliefs held by its members, and the physical circumstances in which they must live, are also important. But that does nothing to prove that this morality is objectively true.
The "right" way is the way which the ancestors used and which has been handed down. Answering Two Kinds of Relativism about Religion: It is easy to see that, in fact, all cultural groups must protect their infants: It is still an open question whether the conclusion is true or false.
This is the collection of moral standards that are justified in a particular society, regardless of whether that society actually accepts them. Although it may seem that these six propositions go naturally together, they are independent of one another, in the sense that some of them might be false even if others are true.
Thus if male and female infants survived in equal numbers, the female adult population would greatly outnumber the male adult population. This line of thought has probably persuaded more people to be skeptical about ethics than any other single thing.
We agree that we shouldn't eat Grandma; we simply disagree about whether the cow is or could be Grandma The point is that many factors work together to produce the customs of a society. As we shall see, these claims need not be accepted or rejected as a package: As we saw, this led to a lot of trouble.
It is an objective fact whether an act promotes or hinders human flourishing, so this may be used as an culturally neutral standard. There is a lesson here: Here is one further example of the same type.Your paper is on James Rachels, “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism.”. Here is an outline.
Cultural relativism writing assignment and sample papers Below is a writing assignment on cultural relativism, followed by two sample papers responding to the assignment.
Comments on each of the two papers are also provided below. James Rachels, "Morality is Not Relative" STUDY. How do Eskimo practices seem to lend support to the thesis of cultural relativism?
Note what Rachels says later about the resasons for these practices. Ideas of right and wrong differ from society to society. Later the reason these differ is because other societies have to make different. PART FIVE: MORAL£TY AI\.TI lTS CRfrtCS JCct to vcrifiation by experience.
The notion of right is in the folkways.
It nor outside. Response to "The Challenge of Cultural Relativism" By Rachels Philosophy 9/30/14 MRA: “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism” In the text "The Challenge of Cultural Relativism," James Rachels breaks down and discusses the theory of Cultural Relativism by presenting the pros and cons of this theory.
He exposes some of the shortcomings of. Cultural Relativism This essay covers various aspects of cultural relativism and its argument to readers. Cultural relativism is a theory, which mainly concentrates .Download