Today, there are 27 Project Tiger wildlife reserves in India. Control of Pollution 9. Examples of habitat destruction include grazing of bush land by farmed animals, changes to natural fire regimes, forest clearing for timber production and wetland draining for city expansion.
Maintenance of Climate Biopiracy today is also a big problem but it is difficult to prevent it due to several reasons. Last seen in Like forests, wildlife is also a national resource, which not only helps in maintaining the ecological balance but is also beneficial from economic, recreational and aesthetic points of view.
Religion Many wildlife species have spiritual significance In different cultures around the world, and they and their products may be used as sacred objects in religious rituals.
Therefore many national parks and wildlife sanctuaries cater to these needs. Gir forest in India has the only surviving population of Asiatic lions in the world. George Schaller wrote about tiger conservation: Many Indian species are descendants of taxa originating in Gondwana, to which India originally belonged.
The Wild Life Protection Act, has several provisions for the conservation of wildlife. Destruction The rate of extinctions of entire species of plants and animals across the planet has been so high in the last few hundred years it is widely considered that we are in the sixth great extinction event on this planet; the Holocene Mass Extinction.
Mass killings of wild animals for their meat, bones, fur, teeth, hair, skin, etc. The region is also heavily influenced by summer monsoons that cause major seasonal changes in vegetation and habitat. Large herbivorous animals such as the hippopotamus have populations of insectivorous birds that feed off the many parasitic insects that grow on the hippo.
There are national agencies also engaged in the conservation of wildlife. A project for breeding crocodiles with United Nations Development Programme assistance, started inhas been instrumental in saving the crocodile from extinction and increasing their population to about 3, Among the animals of prey, the Indian lion is remarkable being the only lion to be found in the world outside Africa.
Many fungi have been recorded from these regions and from the country in general comprising thermophiles, psychrophiles, mesophiles, aquatic forms, marine forms, plant and animal pathogens, edible fungi and beneficial fungi and so on.
The mammals include elephant, the gaur of Indian bison, Indian buffalo, nilgai, chousingha or four-horned antelope unique to Indiablack buck or Indian antelope, ghor-khur or Indian wild ass restricted to the Rann of Kachchh and great one-horned rhinoceros now confined to eastern India.
Project Tigerstarted inis a major effort to conserve the tiger and its habitats. A huge number of snake varieties, lizards and crocodiles account for the reptile count. How to Write a Summary of an Article? Reptiles In India Among the other wildlife are over species of reptiles and amphibians, including magnificent king cobras, pythons, crocodiles, large freshwater tortoises and monitor lizards.
Others include ungulates such as the rare Wild Asian Water buffalo, common Domestic Asian Water buffalo, Nilgai, Gaur and several species of deer and antelope. The four most general reasons that lead to destruction of wildlife include Overkill.
Due to the irrational use of natural and biotic resources of the earth in the past, most of the wildlife has been destroyed beyond retrieval. Pollination in certain plants is performed by wild animals like birds; insects etc. Some of them are black buck, chinkara, wolf, swamp deer, nilgai, Indian gazelle, antelope, tiger, rhinoceros, gir lion, crocodile, flamingo, pelican, bustard, white crane, grey heron, mountain quail, etc.
In fact, some species may have been hunted to extinction by early human hunters. These include the Asiatic lion, the Bengal tiger, and the Indian white-romped vulture, which nearly became extinct after eating the carrion of didofenac-treated cattle.
With the result that several species of animals have become extinct and several, others are on the verge of being so.
Many of these are gorgeously colored.
It is home to 7. These species include mammals such as the Asiatic cheetahwild zebuIndian Javan rhinocerosand Northern Sumatran rhinoceros.
Besides being a country's cultural asset it also provides aesthetic value to man. Only a fraction of the total fungal wealth of India has been subjected to scientific scrutiny and mycologists have to unravel this unexplored and hidden wealth.
Population growth, expansion of agriculture and livestock raising building of cities and roads, and pollution are among the many pressures on the natural habitat of wildlife. They live in protected environments.India is a good example where several steps have been taken for wildlife conservation.
It is a country of varied wildlife, where more than types of wild animals, 2, types of birds and about 20, types of reptiles and fishes have been found. Wildlife-Conservation and Importance(India) Wildlife-Conservation and Importance(India) Words May 16th, 8 Pages.
Meaning of Conservation Conservation is the act of using and protecting resources properly. Catching animals, throwing garbage, and using and harnessing the different resources should all adhere to the proper way of.
Wildlife-Conservation and Importance(India) Essay Meaning of Conservation Conservation is the act of using and protecting resources properly. Catching animals, throwing garbage, and using and harnessing the different resources should all adhere to the proper way of conservation.\.
India has a rich and varied fauna. There are about 75, species of animals of which are mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, 50, insects mollusks and the other invertebrate. Wildlife plays an important role in balancing the environment. Wild life provides a stability to different natural processes of nature.
The importance of wildlife can be categorized as ecological importance, economic importance, investigatory importance, conservation of biological diversities etc. Wildlife in India India is a home to rich and diverse wildlife tours because of her wide range of climate, soil, weather and other such factors.
Owing to such diversity, equal number of rare as well as threatened animals and plants are found that need to be protected.Download