A description of the circulatory system

The coronary sinus is a vein on the posterior side of the heart that returns deoxygenated blood from the myocardium to the vena cava. Smaller arteries are more muscular in the structure of their walls.

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The shape of erythrocytes is biconcave—disks with a concave curve on both sides of the disk so that the center of an erythrocyte is its thinnest part. Smaller arteries are more muscular in the structure of their walls. Blood vessels are often named after either the region of the body through which they carry blood or for nearby structures.

Heart Disease Heart disease, or coronary artery disease, occurs when the blood vessels that supply oxygen to the heart narrow and stiffen. Terms used for description of abnormalities with MCHC include normochromia and hypochromia. This means the blood flows from the capillaries to the heart and back to the capillaries instead of to the lungs.

Medications can be given to slow down the heart rate. The circulatory system works thanks to constant pressure from the heart and valves throughout the body.

Circulatory System

Blood leaving the digestive organs is rich in nutrients and other chemicals absorbed from food. Monocytes develop into cells called macrophages that engulf and ingest pathogens and the dead cells from wounds or infections.

Ancient anatomists assumed they were filled with air and that they were for transport of air. What are the other functions of the circulatory system? Greater contractile force and heart rate lead to an increase in blood pressure. Avoid prolonged periods of standing or sitting. A heart attack or stroke can occur if the condition is untreated.

The unique shape of erythrocytes gives these cells a high surface area to volume ratio and allows them to fold to fit into thin capillaries. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo BPPV is a condition resulting from loose debris otoconia that collect within a part of the inner ear.

This process is useful to ectothermic cold-blooded animals in the regulation of their body temperature.

Excretory System Diseases and the Treatments

Embolism can occur when an embolus, or blood clot, forms around a heart valve that is not working properly, or is released within the arteries to the brain, causing a stroke. Circulatory Loops There are 2 primary circulatory loops in the human body: Many serious conditions and diseases can cause our cardiovascular system to stop working properly.

The regulation of blood flow also affects blood pressure, as smaller arteries give blood less area to flow through and therefore increases the pressure of the blood on arterial walls.

Precapillary sphincters are bands of smooth muscle found at the arteriole ends of capillaries. Still, the systems of fishamphibiansreptilesand birds show various stages of the evolution of the circulatory system.

Growth and energy were derived from venous blood created in the liver from chyle, while arterial blood gave vitality by containing pneuma air and originated in the heart. Pain and burning sensation while urinating Pain in abdomen Increased frequency of urination with very small quantities every time Frequent urge to urinate.

The lack of a nucleus means that red blood cells contain no DNA and are not able to repair themselves once damaged. About the size of two adult hands held together, the heart rests near the center of the chest.

Causes of Dizziness Dizziness, vertigo, disequilibrium Dizziness, vertigo and disequilibrium are common symptoms reported by adults during visits to their doctors.The circulatory system is a vast network of organs and vessels that is responsible for the flow of blood, nutrients, hormones, oxygen and other gases to and from cells.

Without the circulatory. B Chapter Review, pp. 35–36 Assessment, pp. 69–72 Performance Assessment in the Science Classroom (PASC) MindJogger Videoquiz Alternate Assessment in the Science Classroom.


Aug 01,  · The blood circulatory system (cardiovascular system) delivers nutrients and oxygen to all cells in the body. It consists of the heart and the blood vessels running through the entire body.

circulatory system

Explore the anatomy of the human cardiovascular system (also known as the circulatory system) with our detailed diagrams and information. The Human circulatory system is an organ system that is mainly concerned with transportation of nutrients, gases, blood cells and hormones throughout the body, through a network of blood vessels.

Causes of Dizziness

It is also the main cooling as well as transportation system. The circulatory system is a huge and complex system within our bodies that transports materials, such as blood and waste. It is made up of the heart and blood vessels.

A description of the circulatory system
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